jueves, 19 de marzo de 2015

LIBRO INTERACTIVO PARA 1º ESO: RUTINAS Y ADVERBIOS DE FRECUENCIA


Os presento un cuadernillo interactivo en el que podréis aprender vocabulario sobre las rutinas diarias en el hogar y el uso de los adverbios de frecuencia con ejercicio variado - listening, comprensión oral...  

Haz click en el ENLACE



EJERCICIOS DE INGLÉS PARA 1º ESO: GRAMÁTICA, VOCABULARIO, LISTENING

Visit this page and you will find plenty of exercises to do.  

AGENDAWEB: VOCABULARY, GRAMMAR, VERBS...AND SONGS PARA ESO Y BACHILLERATO


Interesting webpage for all levels

REPASO DE GRAMÁTICA ESENCIAL


Click here for learning and reviewing .

Expresiones en InglésExisten expresiones y mucho vocabulario coloquial que generalmente no se aprende en las escuelas ni academias de idiomas, pero que te será de gran utilidad, ya que te ayudarán a mantener una conversación de un modo muy natural y fluido.  La clave está en saber usarlos en el contexto adecuado.

Estos son algunos ejemplos:  Pincha en este ENLACE

    miércoles, 11 de marzo de 2015

    ORACIONES CONDICIONALES


    11.1 ORACIONES CONDICIONALES
    Cuando hablamos, en español o en inglés, utilizamos con frecuencia las llamadas oraciones condicionales. En estas oraciones ponemos una condición, a lo que decimos a continuación, en la oración principal:
    Si puedo, iré al concierto.
    If I can, I will go to the concert.
    Aunque el termino "oración condicional" suele utilizarse para las dos partes de esta oración, propiamente la 1 es una oración subordinada condicional y la 2 es la oración principal.
    La condicional siempre empieza por "Si." ("If.")
    Existen varios tipos de oracion condicional. Observa:
    a. Si me acompañas, te invitaré al cine
    b. Si me acompañases, te invitaría al cine
    c. Si me hubieras acompañado, te habría invitado al cine
    Aunque existen variantes que veremos después, casitodas las oraciones condicionales, en español y en inglés, corresponden a uno de estos tres tipos. A estos tres tipos les podemos llamar, para entendernos tipo 1, tipo 2 y tipo 3, o, por ejemplo, probables, improbables, e imposibles.
    Para aprender a construir bien las condicionales, lo fundamental es fijarse en los tiempos de los verbos:

    TIPO 1: PROBABLES.  En la oración condicional el verbo va siempre en presente y en la principal suele ir en futuro:
    If your son plays football, you won't manage without Ariel (presente- futuro)
    La principal también puede ir en presente,
    If you close your eyes, you can't see anything (presente - presente)
    Y también puede ir en imperativo.
    If you go out, Come back before nine. (presente- imperativo)

    TIPO 2: IMPROBABLES:  En la oración condicional, el verbo va siempre en pasado y en la oración principal siempre en condicional.  Fíjate que en español es igual. En las frases
    Si su hijo jugara al fútbol, no podría Vd. pasar sin Ariel.
    Si me acompañases, te invitaría al cine
    El primer verbo es un pasado de subjuntivo (Yo jugara o jugase, Yo acompañara o acompañase, etc.). En inglés “afortunadamente” no hay subjuntivo, por lo que equivale a un pasado simple.
    El segundo verbo es un condicional. Estos verbos siempre acaban en ía y en inglés siempre se forman con “WOULD + infinitivo sin to”. Las frases anteriores quedarían:
    If your son played football, you wouldn't manage without Ariel.
    ___________________pasado condicional
    If you came with me, I would invite you to a cinema
    ________________-pasado condicional
    Para decir podría en vez de would can* (que NO EXISTE), es utilizar could y might.
    Si me llamaras esta noche, podría decirtelo
    If you phoned me tonight, I might tell you

    TIPO 3: IMPOSIBLE. Este tipo de condicionales se llama así porque son frases que se refieren a cosas que podrían haber pasado, pero que ya no son posibles. Este tipo utiliza verbos compuestos (formados por dos o más palabras) y hay que fijarse bien para no equivocarse.
    En la oración condicional, el verbo se forma siempre con “HAD + PARTICIPIO”.
    En la oración principal, el verbo se forma siempre con “WOULD HAVE + PARTICIPIO”. Así las frases:
    Si hubiera usado Ariel, su hijo habria ganado el partido
    Si me hubieras acompañado, te habria invitado al cine, las formamos
    If you had used Ariel, your son would have won the match
    had + participio would+have+participio
    If you had come with me, I would have invited you to a cinema
    had + participio would+have+participio

    OBSERVACIONES:
    a) Aunque en los ejercicios gramaticales usuales sólo suelen aparecer estos tres tipos, lo cierto es que al hablar muchas veces mezclamos los tipos, sobre todo el tipo 3 con el 2:
    Si hubiera encontrado trabajo, no estaría hoy aquí.
    If I had found a job, I wouldn't be here today.
    b) Las condicionales suelen formarse empezando por If y poniendo una coma entre la condicional y la principal. Sin embargo, también pueden formarse al revés, en cuyo caso no hace falta la coma.
    If you are tired, close the book
    Close the book if you are tired
    c) Aparte de If se pueden formar condicionales con otras palabras de distinto significado. Las más utilizadas son
    · whether que equivale "If ... or not"
    Go on reading, whether you are tired or not
    Sigue leyendo, si estas cansado como si no
    · unless que equivale a "a menos que"
    You can't go to a bar in California, unless you are 21.
    No puedes ir a un bar en California, a menos que tengas 21 años.


    martes, 10 de marzo de 2015

    SELECTIVIDAD- COMPOSITION: THE INTERNET: ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES

    ADVANTAGES OF THE INTERNET
    Faster Communication
      Now, you can communicate in a fraction of second with a person who is sitting in the other part of the world. For more personal and interactive communication, you can avail the facilities of chat services, video conferencing and so on. Besides, there are plenty of messenger services in offering. With the help of such services, it has become very easy to establish a kind of global friendship where you can share your thoughts and explore other cultures.

    Information Resources

    Information is probably the biggest advantage that Internet offers.  Any kind of information on any topic under the sun is available on the Internet. The search engines like Google, Yahoo are at your service on the Internet. There is a huge amount of information available on the Internet for just about every subject known to man, ranging from government law and services, trade fairs and conferences, market information, new ideas and technical support, the list is simply endless.
    Today, it is almost required that students should use the Internet for research or the purpose of gathering resources. Even teachers have started giving assignments that require extensive research on the Internet. Besides, you can have an access to latest researches in the field of medicine, technology and so on. Numerous web sites such as America's Doctor also allow you to talk to the doctors online.


    Entertainment 
      Many people prefer to surf the Internet in search of entertainment.  In fact, Internet has become quite successful in trapping the multifaceted entertainment industry. Downloading games or just surfing the celebrity websites are some of the uses people have discovered. Even celebrities are using Internet effectively for promotional campaigns. Besides, there are numerous games that can be downloaded from the Internet for free. The industry of online gaming has tasted dramatic and phenomenal attention by game lovers.

    Social Networking

    One cannot imagine an online life without Facebook or Twitter. Social networking has become so popular amongst youth that it might one day replace physical networking. It has evolved as a great medium to connect with millions of people with similar interests. Apart from finding long-lost friends, you can also look for job, business opportunities on forums, communities etc. Besides, there are chat rooms where users can meet new and interesting people. Some of them may even end up finding their life partners.

    Online Services

    Internet has made life very convenient. With numerous online services you can now perform all your transactions online. You can book tickets for a movie, transfer funds, pay utility bills, taxes etc., right from your home. Some travel websites even plan an Itinerary as per your preferences and take care of airline tickets, hotel reservations etc.

    e-commerce

    The concept of e-commerce is used for any type of commercial maneuvering or business deals that involves the transfer of information across the globe via Internet. It has become a phenomenon associated with any kind of shopping, business deal etc. You name a service, and e-commerce with its giant tentacles engulfing every single product and service will make it available at your doorstep. Websites such as eBay allow you to even bid for homes, buy, sell or auction stuff online.
    DISADVANTAGES OF  THE INTERNET
    Theft of Personal Information
    If you use the Internet for online banking, social networking or other services, you may risk a theft to your personal information such as name, address, credit card number etc. Unscrupulous people can access this information through unsecured connections or by planting software and then use your personal details for their benefit. Needless to say, this may land you in serious trouble.

    Spamming

    Spamming refers to sending unwanted e-mails in bulk, which provide no purpose and needlessly obstruct the entire system. Such illegal activities can be very frustrating for you as it makes your Internet slower and less reliable.

    Virus Threat

    Internet users are often plagued by virus attacks on their systems. Virus programs are inconspicuous and may get activated if you click a seemingly harmless link. Computers connected to Internet  may end up crashing.

    Pornography

    Pornography is perhaps the biggest disadvantage of Internet. Internet allows you to access and download millions of pornographic photos, videos and other X-rated stuff. Such unrestricted access to porn can be detrimental for children and teenagers. 

    Social Disconnect

    Thanks to Internet, people now only meet on social networks. More and more people are getting engulfed in virtual world and drifting apart from their friends and family. Even children prefer to play online games rather than going out and mingling with other kids. This may hamper a healthy social development in children.
    CONCLUSION:
    Thus, Internet has the potential to make your life simple and convenient, as well as wreak havoc in your life. Its influence is mostly dictated by the choices you make while you are online. With clever use, you can manage to harness its unlimited potential.

    SELECTIVIDAD - COMPOSITION: TALKING ABOUT ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES

    Se pueden añadir expresiones como:

    VENTAJAS:
    The main advantage is...
    There are other advantages in connection with...
    I would say there are more advantages than drawbacks...

    DESVENTAJAS:
    The main disadvantage is...
    There are other problems in connection with...
    I would say there are more drawbacks than advantages.

    Although some more advantages can be mentioned, the disadvantages about ... are more evident.  On the one hand.... on the other hand...Finally...
     
    SAMPLE COMPOSITION
    Discuss the advantages and disadvantages you find in homeworking
    When considering the option of working at home I can find both advantages and disadvantages. Not having to commute to your workplace each morning is a definite advantage because on the one hand, you can save money on transport.  On the other hand, the stress of the rush hour can be avoided. Moreover, being able to eat at home,   is both cheaper and healthier.

    However, I would say there are more drawbacks than advantages.  I can find different reasons to support this. Firstly, because having to organize your own time means  having two essential qualities that not everybody has: self-discipline and good organization.  Secondly,   working at home could also mean more distractions and taking more breaks than necessary. Finally, although the new technologies makes social contact easily, working  at home  means working alone, which could be considered as an important drawback.

    In conclusion,  I think that I would prefer the stress of the rush hour with the allicient of having the support and companionship of colleagues.


    miércoles, 28 de enero de 2015

    • 1. www.IngenieroGeek.com Yes en Inglés iGeek @Geekeniero 1.12 - Futuro simple en inglés uso de auxiliar "will" y forma "Going to" /MrCarranza ESL Inglés Medio
    • USOS DE WILL
      • Para expresar una predicción propia / personal del futuro, es decir, una opinión a algo que creemos que sucederá. 
      • Para ofrecer a hacer algunas cosas o para prometer.   
      •  EJEMPLOS CON WILL
      •   1.- She will be an excellent doctor. (Ella será una excelente doctora)                           2.- I'll help you with your homework. (Te ayudaré con tu tarea) 3.- We'll go on vacation this summer, I promise. (Iremos de vacaciones este verano, lo prometo) 4.- Jack will get good grades, he studied a lot. (Jack conseguirá buenas calificaciones, él estudió mucho) 5.- This book will not be useful for us. (Este libro no será útil para nosotros) 6.- Ana and Leonard won't come to the party. (Ana y Leonardo no vendrán a la fiesta)  
    • . USOS DEL GOING TO
      •  Para expresar el tiempo futuro La forma "Going to + verb" esta designada para expresar la intención de hacer algo, ya sean planes o decisiones en el corto / largo plazo. T
      • También es aplicable utilizar "Going to + verb" para hacer predicciones del futuro pero basándose en cierta evidencia
      •  EJEMPLOS - Are you going to take the bus after class? (¿Vas a tomar el autobús después de clases?) - Yes, I am. - Is he going visit his family this month? (¿Va el a visitar su familia este mes?) No, he isn't. Caso 1 - What are we going to do on Valentine's day? (¿Que vamos a hacer en el día de San Valentín?) - We are going to have a nice dinner. (Vamos a tener una agradable cena. Caso 2 - Where is Peter going to travel next year? (¿A dónde va a viajar Pedro el año siguiente?) - He is going to travel to China. (Él va a viajar a China) 

    martes, 20 de enero de 2015

    PRACTICA VOCABULARIO Y GRAMÁTICA INGLESA: EJERCICIOS Y SOLUCIONES

    Para practicar cualquier punto gramatical - condicionales, relativos, pronombres indefinidos, verbos o phrasal verbs- pincha en el siguiente ENLACE

    miércoles, 7 de enero de 2015

    RECYCLING PLASTIC


    The recycle bin is often the last stop for empty containers. But it also can mark the beginning of a long trip. 
    YEHENEW GEDSHEW: "As long as people keep throwing their trash, we've got a job." 
    Yehenew Gedshew directs a recycling center near Washington, DC. 
    YEHENEW GEDSHEW: "We do about 35 tons of material an hour." How does the center process so much waste? 
    YEHENEW GEDSHEW: "First what happens is the dump trucks bring the materials to our site; and they dump it on the tipping floor. It goes to the first screen where the cardboard and the rest of material is sorted out."  
    The glass is crushed. Objects made of plastic are sorted and flattened. YEHENEW GEDSHEW: "This is a very sophisticated sorting machine. And that belt brings it down to the bunker, and the plastic goes to the bunker, from the bunker we put it to the baler, and it gets baled and it gets shipped out." 
    This recycling center separates all kinds of plastic, papers and glass. 
    YEHENEW GEDSHEW: "Since they don't have to sort out their recycles any more, it has made their lives very easy. They throw everything in a ball and then we sort everything out here."
    Most of the plastics are taken to a processing center in North Carolina. It is there that old bottles become mountains of plastic -- ready to melt and make into something new. We will take you to the North Carolina recycling center in another report.

     
    This is one of the largest plastic recycling plants in the United States. It is in Fayetteville, North Carolina. Jay Chilton is head of the plant. 
    JAY CHILTON: "On an average week, we receive anywhere from one to 1.5 million pounds (454,000 to 680,000 kg) of bottles in to the plant."
    JAY CHILTON: "We receive eight to ten trucks a day coming into the plant, and a truckload's roughly 40,000 pounds." That is more than 18,000 kilograms of plastic every day.
     JAY CHILTON: "These bales on average are about 900 pounds (400 kg). They can range anywhere from 600 pounds (270 kg) to 1500 pounds (680 kg) in this configuration. This is accumulation of roughly 10 to15 weeks of deliveries." 
     Nearly three football fields of plastic sit just a short ride from the processing center. 
    JAY CHILTON: "This is where the whole bottles enter the whole bottle wash -- it's just like your front-end load washing machine at your house. It's just a lot longer, and a lot bigger." Then, the plastic is broken into what the recycling industry calls "flakes." "It's kind of like your flour sifter at home when you're sifting out the big chunks of flour." 
     Large storage areas hold the flakes before they are sent to another center, which will make them into something new. We will show you that next step in our final report on recycling. I'm Mario Ritter.

    This is Peninsula Packaging -- a recycling business in the city of Wilson, North Carolina. Mark Rath works for the company. 
    MARK RATH: "This is how it comes to us and then we reprocess it into another product." It is here that pieces of plastic become new products. MARK RATH: "Become a plastic sheet, and eventually a thermoform product." Peninsula Packaging melts and flattens plastic so that it can be shaped. 
    MARK RATH: "We take the clear chips like this, and it goes into an oven, and it cooks for about three to four hours." Now, it can be molded. MARK RATH: "In order to do that you need to squeeze it out into a wide, long sheet." The plastic is then wrapped, rolled and sent to what is called a "thermoform station." 
    MARK RATH: "Well, we unwind the plastic into a very long oven where we heat it -- again -- and then we'll form it in a forming station. We'll follow it through and see what happens to it." 
    MARK RATH: "That'll end up being a fresh-cut-salad base. Not sure where it goes, but it'll end up some place with celery and carrots and tomatoes." In just a few days, a plastic bottle purchased in Washington, DC has become a salad container in North Carolina. I'm Mario Ritter.

    RECYCLING WEBQUEST

    Have fun and learn a lot with this recycling webquest


    SELECTIVIDAD: VOCABULARIO - MEDIOAMBIENTE (ENVIRONMENT

     

    ENVIRONMENT
    acid rain lluvia ácida
    carbon dioxide dióxido de carbono
    chemicals sustancias químicas
    climate change cambio climático
    conservation conservación
    contaminant contaminante
    contamination contaminación
    deforestation deforestación
    eco-friendly que no daña el medio ambiente
    ecological ecológico
    ecologist ecologista
    ecosystem ecosistema
    effluent aguas residuales
    endangered species especies en peligro de extinción
    environment medio ambiente
    environmental medioambiental
    environmentalist ecologista
    environmentally friendly que no daña el medio ambiente
    extinction extinción
    garbage disposal (US) eliminación de residuos
    garbage separation (US) separación de residuos
    global warming calentamiento global
    greenhouse effect efecto invernadero
    noise pollution contaminación acústica
    nuclear radiation radiación nuclear
    organic orgánico
    ozone ozono
    ozone-friendly que no daña la capa de ozono
    ozone layer capa de ozono
    pollution polución, contaminación
    radioactive substance sustancia radiactiva
    radioactive waste residuos radiactivos
    radioactivity radiactividad
    recyclable reciclable
    recycled reciclado
    recycling reciclaje
    reforestation repoblación forestal
    sewage aguas residuales
    sewage farm (GB) estación depuradora
    sewage plant (US) estación depuradora
    sewage works (GB) estación depuradora
    smog smog
    solar energy energía solar
    sulphur dioxide (GB) dióxido de azufre
    sulfur dioxide (US) dióxido de azufre
    toxic waste residuos tóxicos
    waste separation (GB) separación de residuos
    waste disposal (GB) eliminación de residuos
    wind power energía eólica
    to become extinct extinguirse
    to conserve conservar
    to contaminate contaminar
    to die out extinguirse
    to poison envenenar
    to pollute contaminar
    to recycle reciclar

    WHAT HAVE WE DONE TO THE WORLD, MY FRIEND?

    Click here and you will find some interesting resource materials for the environmental issue.


    acid rain - lluvia ácida
    carbon dioxide - dióxido de carbono
    chemicals - sustancias químicas
    climate change - cambio climático
    conservation - conservación
    contaminant - contaminante
    contamination - contaminación
    deforestation - deforestación
    eco-friendly - que no daña el medio ambiente
    ecological - ecológico
    ecologist - ecologista
    ecosystem - ecosistema
    effluent - aguas residuales
    endangered species - especies en peligro de extinción
    environment - medio ambiente
    environmental - medioambiental
    environmentalist - ecologista
    environmentally friendly - que no daña el medio ambiente
    extinction - extinción
    global warming - calentamiento global
    greenhouse effect - efecto invernadero
    noise pollution - contaminación acústica
    nuclear radiation - radiación nuclear
    organic - orgánico
    ozoneNegrita - ozono
    ozone-friendly - que no daña la capa de ozono
    ozone layer - capa de ozono
    pollution - contaminación
    radioactive substance - sustancia radiactiva
    radioactive waste - residuos radiactivos
    radioactivity - radiactividad
    recyclable - reciclable
    recycled - reciclado
    recycling - reciclaje
    reforestation - repoblación forestal
    sewage - aguas residuales
    sewage farm - estación depuradora
    smog - smog
    solar energy - energía solar
    sulphur dioxide - dióxido de azufre
    toxic waste - residuos tóxicos
    waste disposal - eliminación de residuos
    wind power - energía eólica

    to become - extinct extinguirse
    to conserve - conservar
    to contamNegritainateNegrita - contaminar
    to die out - extinguirse
    to poison - envenenar
    to pollute - contaminar
    to recycle - reciclar

    All About Paper Bags | Learn English