miércoles, 15 de octubre de 2014

PRESENT CONTINUOUS - Stative verbs



Hay verbos que generalmente no se usan en la forma continua.  Son los verbos estáticos.  Describen un estado (condición o situación) más que una acción, una actividad que cambia.    Los verbos estáticos más comunes  son aquellos que describe un estado: "have", "contain"; un proceso mental: "believe", "think", "remember"; aquellos verbos que expresan emoción "love", "want", "prefer", "doubt"; Por último, los verbos que apelen a los sentidos: "smell", "hear", "see".

  1. States, e.g. be, have, contain.
    • She has blonde hair.
    • I am the king of Kongo.
  2. Mental processes, e.g. believe, feel, remember, realize, suspect.
    • I suppose I could have stayed home and baked cookies and had teas.
    • The founders of the United States of America believed that all men were created with equal authority.
  3. Emotional states e.g. love, want, prefer, doubt
    • I doubt there will be a free TV set.
    • She doesn't like to admit to mistakes.
    • The boys prefer dogs to cats.
  4. Senses (e.g. smell, hear, see):
    • I can smell something burning.
    • She could easily see that I was sweating.
Pero, a veces, estos verbos estáticos adquieren otro significado,  una actividad o proceso, por lo que pueden expresarse en el presente continuo, como vemos en los ejemplos que aparecen a continuación:


Verb Form Verb Example Meaning
Simple
to think I think you should see a doctor opinion
Continuous
to be thinking I'm thinking of changing my flat trying to reach a decision
Simple
to love I love going to the cinema feeling
Continuous
to be loving You look great in this hat. I'm loving it, man! emphasis or gradual process
Simple
to smell I smell something burning sense
Continuous
to be smelling My baby was smelling a flower activity
Simple
to have He's really rich — he has 3 cars possession
Continuous
to be having When you called me, I was having a bath activity
Simple
to see I can see you have a big garden sense
Continuous to be seeing I'm seeing him later appointment
Simple to taste I could taste a lot of sugar in the wine sense
Continuous to be tasting He was tasting the cake and said it was OK activity

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